Benefit corporation : quel rôle dans la gouvernance soutenable ?

Les professeurs Ferrarini et Zhu se pose une question bien intéressante que je relaie ici : « Is There a Role for Benefit Corporations in the New Sustainable Governance Framework? » (30 mai 2021, European Corporate Governance Institute – Law Working Paper No. 588/2021). À cette question, ils répondent de manière prudente. Un article à découvrir…

Résumé :

In this paper, we ask whether benefit corporations have a role to play in the emerging EU sustainable governance framework. In sec. 2, we briefly introduce the benefit corporation with regard to US law and to the laws of some EU member States, such as France and Italy, which have adopted this company form. In sec. 3, we focus on the benefit corporation’s purpose and function from a comparative law perspective, asking whether benefit corporations perform a useful function internationally. We argue that corporate purpose tends to be a flexible concept across countries and that benefit corporations are not the only way to reconcile profit and social values in business corporations.

In sec. 4, we compare the critical features of the law relating to benefit corporations with the essential elements of the emerging sustainable governance framework. We show that the latter partially overlaps with the laws on benefit corporations and to some extent is a substitute for them, therefore reducing the potential interest in this corporate form.

In sec. 5, we conclude that mainly firms which the new EU sustainable governance framework does not apply to, such as non-listed SMEs, will adopt the benefit corporation model when available in their jurisdiction, while other companies may still adopt it mostly for communicating their commitment to sustainability.

À la prochaine…

Ce contenu a été mis à jour le 14 septembre 2022 à 10 h 33 min.


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